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A now standard rule variant, which started to sweep the sport of nine-ball in the mid-1980's restricted the push-out option to once per game and only to inning immediately following the break. This change profoundly affected the way the game was played. By about 1990 this new push-out rule had become ubiquitous and it and any additional rules appended to it were collectively reffered to as "Texas Express: rules, so called because of the supposed US state of origin and speeding up of the game. Today, Texas Express push-out rules dominate the way nine ball is played and is the variant incorporated into the official rules maintained by the WPA and its affiliates like the BCA.